WHAT IS SCLEROTHERAPY?
Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure to treat uncomplicated spider and reticular veins. The procedure involves injecting a sclerosing solution into the veins.
What are spider veins?
Spider veins are very small, fine, red or blue veins that are less than 1 mm in diameter. They lie closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins and may resemble a thin red line, tree branches, or spider patterns. Spider veins can be found on the legs and face and may cover a small or large area.
What are small varicose veins?
Small varicose veins, also known as reticular veins, are small blood vessels that measure between 1 to 3 mm in diameter and are also known as feeder veins. Small varicose veins can enlarge as a result of increased pressure in the vein or from weakened vein valves. You may have only small varicose veins or both small varicose and spider veins at the same time.
What causes spider and reticular veins?
- Heredity-if other family members had varicose veins, there is a greater chance you will too.
- Age. The risk of varicose veins increases with age. Aging causes wear and tear on the valves in your veins that help regulate blood flow. Eventually, this causes the valves to allow some blood to flow back into your veins where it collects instead of flowing up to your heart.
- Gender. Women are more likely to develop the condition. Changes in hormones due to puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or taking birth control pills may increase a woman’s risk of developing varicose veins.
- Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the volume of blood in your body increases. This change supports the growing fetus but also can produce enlarged veins in your legs. Hormonal changes during pregnancy may also play a role.
- Extra weight or obesity.
- Prolonged standing or sitting.
WHAT TO EXPECT DURING A TREATMENT?
During a treatment, you will receive multiple small injections into veins, and the injection process takes about 30 to 60 minutes. The time and the exact number of injections will depend on the number of veins you have on your legs.
WHAT TO DO AFTER SCLEROTHERAPY TREATMENT?
Immediately after treatment, you should walk 15 to 30 minutes. You will need to wear compression stockings right after the procedure and every day and night for 2 to 3 days, then as needed for the following 2 to 3 weeks. Compression stockings are designed to apply pressure to your lower legs, helping to maintain blood flow, and reduce swelling to decrease the risk of deep vein thrombosis. For optimal safety, we do not recommend you to fly for two to three days following a Sclerotherapy treatment. You should also avoid heavy exercise, sunbathing, hot baths, hot tubs and saunas for 72 hours.
HOW MANY TREATMENTS DO I NEED TO SEE RESULTS?
The number and frequency of treatments depends on the size of the vessels and their location. We typically recommend three treatment sessions spaced two weeks apart.